A population study on perinatal psychological distress in Mexican fathers

Ma. Asunción Lara, Shoshana Berenzon, Lourdes Nieto, Laura Navarrete, Clara Fleiz, Marycarmen Bustos, Jorge Villatoro

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2021.035

Abstract


Introduction. The transition to parenthood can be a source of stress for fathers and, in some cases, it can be accompanied by emotional distress. This aspect has been neglected in Mexican research.

Objective. To estimate the prevalence of emotional distress and the sociodemographic factors associated with it in Mexican fathers.

Method. Cross-sectional study. A subsample of 997 fathers, over 18 years of age, was taken from the data of a national survey, whose partners were pregnant or had given birth in the last six months. The Kessler Emotional Distress Scale (K6) was used.

Results. About 25% of the fathers experienced moderate emotional distress during their partner's pregnancy and 29.5% during the postpartum period; 1.0% and 1.9% showed serious emotional distress in those periods, respectively. Being between 18 and 29 years old (PR = .10; CI [.01, .79]), having lower educational attainment (PR = 5.59; CI [1.19, 26.21]), and going through postpartum (PR = 4.11; CI [1.00, 16.78]) were at higher risks for severe emotional distress; having one or two children (PR = .16; CI [.05, .55]) or more than three (PR = .08; CI [.01, .44]) was a higher risk than being a first-time father.

Discussion and conclusion. It is necessary to continue studying paternal perinatal mental health due to the impact it has on the mother and the infant, and to design tailored interventions. Parental emotional distress needs to be better understood considering recent changes in the paternal role in developing countries.

Keywords


Psychological distress; fathers; peripartum period; mental health; risk factors

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